Care and Support to the survivors of Trafficking
10 year long armed insurgency created a situation of acute insecurity in most parts of the country. The west, Mid and Far West being the most affected. Ensuring national security has curtailed domestic resources and worsened the living conditions of many. This has induced a wave of conflict induced migration in recent years. A quantitative study with 17,583 children crossing the border from India to Nepal at the 5 main border transit points in western, mid-western and far-western development regions over a five-month period between July to December 2004 by SC Alliance with Central Child Welfare Board (CCWB) showed that 24% of the child respondents stated conflict as their primary reason for displacement, this corroborates that displacement has been accelerated by the conflict to a greater extent. Displacement and migration remains a concern of vital importance as it has increased the vulnerability of women and children to trafficking and numerous other forms of exploitation.
In 2003, recognizing an increase in trafficking in the Indo-Nepal cross border areas of the western regions of Nepal (namely Banke, Kanchanpur, Kapilvastu, and Kailali), Saathi initiated its Cross Border anti-trafficking program. The program monitors issues for women and children affected by trafficking and migration and coordinates documentation, protection, rescue, care and support, awareness raising, advocacy/networking, and prevention activities to protect the rights of trafficking women and children.
The objective of the project is to prevent the trafficking of Nepalese children, young girls and women for sexual exploitation, forced labour, domestic slavery and the business of selling organs in India.
This program also consist safe migration counselling and information dissemination to potential women and girl migrants to India and other third countries. This is to ensure that all those crossing the border receive proper information thus ensuring that they are aware of the differences between migration and trafficking. Saathi has established Safe Migration Counselling and Resource Centre (SMRC) in Banke and Kapilvastu districts of Nepal.
This program has also set up a significant infrastructure base that includes two buildings that serve as care facilities in Banke and Kanchanpur and trained human resources in all the four districts. The program offices are set-up with advanced computer systems and physical resources.
Service provided to survivors through the Cross Border Program (CBP)
To strengthen the surveillance capacity along the four border checkpoints along the Indo Nepal border -CBP was implemented in Kanchanpur, Banke, Kailali and Kapilvastu
To provide support to the vulnerable and rescued through the shelters and transit homes
To create a specific and efficient network using new technologies, in particular the Internet - An Information system to constantly study the ever changing trends in trafficking.
To generate awareness through the use of multimedia - Awareness and sensitisation of local communities and occupational groups (rickshaw pullers, bus/truck drivers, hotel/lodge/ restaurant owners and local tea shops) providing services to people in movement across border through mass information like street dramas, IEC materials, discussion groups.
To empower elected women representatives and help increase their engagement in the struggle against human trafficking and the prevention of HIV/AIDS.
Form community watch groups to deal cases of trafficking at the community level.
To reintegrate intercepted/repatriated women in their com